What Types of Physicians are there?

With the advancement in modern technology in medical science, the mortality rate is decreasing year by year. As the average life expectancy of a person in America is 78 years.

Thus, with the daily rise in population and new kinds of diseases, the need for healthcare professionals is drastically increasing.

As people age, they meet through several different kinds of bodily disorders and viruses, and this is why there is a high demand for specialized doctors that can counter their problems.

So, below is the list of the type of physicians that are in high demands:

  1. Family Physicians

Family physicians diagnose the general population who treat basic diseases and injuries. They assist the whole family, including children, adults, and the elderly. They manage and assist with diabetes and other ongoing medical illnesses of a person.

Along with providing routine checkups and screening tests, they also give you flu and immunization shots to protect the body from deadly viruses.

The primary care physicians, including family physicians, are facing a shortage all over the world as the number right now can’t cope up with the increase in the number of patients all around the world.

  1. Internists

Apart from your family doctor, the Internists are one whom you will visit for both common and difficult issues. They can diagnose heart disease or diabetes and can perform non-surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems.

The primary care doctors mainly aid adults as they had advanced training in a host of subspecialties, like heart disease, cancer, or adolescent or sleep medicine.

They can even be experts in cardiology, gastroenterology, endocrinology, nephrology, pulmonology, after attaining fellowship.

  1. Pediatricians

Pediatricians are the right doctors to choose if your child, adolescents, and baby suffer from any disease or injury, as these pediatricians will not only diagnose, but they will also treat a wide range of diseases.

They create a proper diet or a health chart for the kids and also give preventive medicine for diseases. They can identify any disease like asthma, allergies, and croup; they will also give vaccines to your child.

Some of the specialized pediatricians can even help your child to deal with child abuse or children’s developmental issues. They will also enlighten the parents about their child’s health, nutrition, and fitness needs. Check on to know more about this.

  1. Psychiatrists

If one wants a doctor who can diagnose and treat mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders, then Psychiatrists are the perfect doctor to visit. To treat their patients, they perform several types of psychological tests to analyze and recover patients.

They provide assistance and support for those who are suffering from mental trauma, anxiety, or addictive disorders.

These psychologists are mostly specialized in identifying and handling unhappiness, schizophrenia, substance abuse, and sexual and gender identity issues. Other psychiatrists specifically focus on kids, adolescents, or senior citizens.

  1. Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Obstetricians and Gynecologists are doctors who are specifically to provide medical support for female reproductive systems. To treat diseases related to a woman’s health and also provide care when it comes to pregnancy and childbirth.

These gynecologists take Pap smears, pelvic exams, and pregnancy checkups. Though in most cases, a doctor can be both Obstetricians and Gynecologists as they are trained in both fields.

But some specific doctors give more emphasis on women’s reproductive health who are known as gynecologists and obstetricians are more concentrated in caring for pregnant women.

  1. Surgeons

Surgeons are a type of physician who treats diseases and injuries through surgery using invasive, non-invasive, and minimally invasive methods.

Some of the surgeons perform general surgery, but surgeries like neurological surgery, thoracic surgery, or vascular surgery are performed by doctors who are experts in their respective fields.

  1. Dermatologists

Disorders that are related to the skin, hair, nails, and adjacent mucous membranes are diagnosed and treated by Dermatologists. Dermatologists execute skin biopsies and invasive dermatological procedures.

They diagnose diseases like skin cancer, tumors, inflammatory diseases of the skin, and infectious diseases. Dermatologists also address skin issues that arise from over usage of poor quality of cosmetic products; however, they can rejuvenate the look of the skin.

  1. Pathologists

Normally pathologists are regarded as those who run tests of samples received from various persons about various suspected diseases. But they also study the development of diseases inside a human body.

Apart from executing out autopsies, they also diagnose diseases using laboratory methods. The Pathologist examines a person’s tissues, cells, and body fluids by applying biological, chemical, and physical sciences within a laboratory.

They also decide the need for an organ transplant and the health of the fetus of a pregnant woman also determined by them after examining the blood.

  1. Neurologists

Neurologists are primarily those who come in need when someone is suffering from serious health issues. They diagnose and recover their patients from diseases in the nervous system, brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles, and blood vessels.

A part of neurology falls under the consultation category. The neurologist treats their patients suffering from strokes, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, seizure disorders, and spinal cord disorders.

  1. Ophthalmologists

Ophthalmologists are a type of physician who recognizes and heals diseases that are related to the eye. Generally, we call them eye doctors. They are much skilled in the correction of problems such as strabismus or diabetic retinopathy.

They conduct surgeries on common problems like cataracts and also corneal transplantation.

Ophthalmologists are mostly popular among general patients for prescribing glasses or contact lenses, and they also treat diseases like glaucoma. Unlike optometrists, they are not bound by any restriction as they can recover any condition and can even carry out surgeries related to the eyes.


So, above is the list of types of physicians that are present in the domain of medical science. Each of them has their specialization in a particular field.Check out blog content regarding Doctor of Health Science.

So, all of these doctors have a prime motto of curing the one who is suffering. Thus, I hope this article will help you in choosing the right doctor when you are in need of them.

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